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Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication Empty Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication

on Thu Jun 09, 2016 8:40 pm
Hello everyone,
Are you ready for something different? Let's learn a bit about cultures! Smile

We have forumers from all over the world and it is inevitable to bump into cultural differences during conversations.

Let's get to know each others's cultures a bit better! You never know, but you might have misinterpreted someone's behaviour previously due to different cultural norms, so it's time to explore a bit!

What is typical in your country? To compare different cultures, let's use Hofstede's 6 categories as a guide. Smile
Here are each of them introduced 1 by 1. This might be a bit long guide, but I highly recommend reading it. It can open your eyes to be a bit more understanding and forgiving towards the others. Wink 

1) High power distance vs. low power distance?
High PDI

  • Centralized organizations.

  • More complex hierarchies.

  • Large gaps in compensation, authority and respect.

  • Acknowledge a leader's status. As an outsider, you may try to circumvent his or her power, but don't push back explicitly.

  • Be aware that you may need to go to the top for answers.


  • Flatter organizations.

  • Supervisors and employees are considered almost as equals.

  • Delegate as much as possible.

  • Ideally, involve all those in decision making who will be directly affected by the decision.

2) Individualism vs. collectivism?
High IDV

  • High value placed on people's time and their need for privacy and freedom.

  • An enjoyment of challenges, and an expectation of individual rewards for hard work.

  • Respect for privacy.

  • Acknowledge individual accomplishments.

  • Don't mix work life with social life too much.

  • Encourage debate and expression of people's own ideas.


  • Emphasis on building skills and becoming master of something.

  • People work for intrinsic rewards.

  • Maintaining harmony among group members overrides other moral issues.

  • Wisdom is important.

  • Suppress feelings and emotions that may endanger harmony.

  • Avoid giving negative feedback in public.

  • Saying "No" can cause loss of face, unless it's intended to be polite. For example, declining an invitation several times is expected.

3) Masculinity vs. femininity?
High MAS

  • Strong egos – feelings of pride and importance are attributed to status.

  • Money and achievement are important.

  • Be aware of the possibility of differentiated gender roles.

  • A long-hours culture may be the norm, so recognize its opportunities and risks.

  • People are motivated by precise targets, and by being able to show that they achieved them either as a group or as individuals.


  • Relationship oriented/consensual.

  • More focus on quality of life.

  • Success is more likely to be achieved through negotiation, collaboration and input from all levels.

  • Avoid an "old boys' club" mentality, although this may still exist.

  • Workplace flexibility and work-life balance may be important, both in terms of job design, organizational environment and culture, and the way that performance management can be best realized.

4) High vs. Low Uncertanity avoidance?
High UAI

  • Conservative, rigid and structured, unless the danger of failure requires a more flexible attitude.

  • Many societal conventions.

  • People are expressive, and are allowed to show anger or emotions, if necessary.

  • A high energy society, if people feel that they are in control of their life instead of feeling overwhelmed by life's vagaries.

  • Be clear and concise about expectations and goals, and set clearly defined parameters. But encourage creative thinking and dialogue where you can.

  • Recognize that there may be unspoken "rules" or cultural expectations you need to learn.

  • Recognize that emotion, anger and vigorous hand gestures may simply be part of the conversation.


  • Openness to change or innovation, and generally inclusive.

  • More inclined to open-ended learning or decision making.

  • Less sense of urgency.

  • Ensure that people remain focused, but don't create too much structure.

  • Titles are less important, so avoid "showing off" your knowledge or experience. Respect is given to those who can cope under all circumstances.

5) Pragmatic vs. normative?


  • People often wonder how to know what is true. For example, questions like "What?" and "How?" are asked more than "Why?"

  • Thrift and education are seen as positive values.

  • Modesty.

  • Virtues and obligations are emphasized.

  • Behave in a modest way.

  • Avoid talking too much about yourself.

  • People are more willing to compromise, yet this may not always be clear to outsiders; this is certainly so in a culture that also scores high on PDI.


  • People often want to know "Why?"

  • Strong convictions.

  • As people tend to oversell themselves, others will assess their assertions critically.

  • Values and rights are emphasized.

  • Sell yourself to be taken seriously.

  • People are less willing to compromise as this would be seen as weakness.

  • Flattery empowers.

6) Indulgence vs. Restraint?
High Indulgence

  • Optimistic.

  • Importance of freedom of speech.

  • Focus on personal happiness.

  • Don't take life too seriously.

  • Encourage debate and dialogue in meetings or decision making.

  • Prioritize feedback, coaching and mentoring.

  • Emphasize flexible working and work-life balance.

High Restraint

  • Pessimistic.

  • More controlled and rigid behavior.

  • Avoid making jokes when engaged in formal sessions. Instead, be professional.

  • Only express negativity about the world during informal meetings.

Credit for the charts and more here: https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_66.htm

Now that you read it all - hopefully - you may compare your country's statistics with others and see if it is similar to yours or not. Smile
Sample Hungary: https://geert-hofstede.com/hungary.html
(You can choose your country from the list)

Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication Empty Re: Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication

on Sat Jun 11, 2016 1:55 pm
Hungary got high restraint, explains the pessimistic of yours Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication 1f60a

This guide of Hofstede is indeed accurate Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication 1f619

Ours https://geert-hofstede.com/philippines.html
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Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication Empty Re: Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication

on Sat Jun 11, 2016 2:26 pm
Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication Screen12

at least we have one column with 100 score lol

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Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication Empty Re: Across Cultures - Intercultural Communication

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